Vertebrate fauna of SE Asia
  

 

   
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Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless credited to others.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2024

 
     
 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

   

 

 

Primates of  Southeast Asia
 

Worldwide there are more than 450 species of primate. In Southeast Asia, around 100 species are recognised, comprising 21 species of prosimian (represented in the region by Lorises and Tarsiers), 59 species of Old World Monkey (including macaques, and colobines such as lutungs, surilis, doucs and others), 19 species of gibbon and 4 great apes (including humans).  In evolutionary terms, prosimians are considered to represent ancient lineages of primate, and great apes the most advanced.  Ecologically, primates play an important role as seed dispersers in the region's forests.

             
 

Prosimians : Slow Lorises
8 species, all in SE Asia
 

  Full Species List:
Nycticebus bengalensis - Bengal Slow Loris
Nycticebus coucang - Sunda Slow Loris
Nycticebus javanicus - Javan Slow Loris
Nycticebus menagensis - Philippine Slow Loris
Nycticebus bancanus - Bangka Slow Loris
Nycticebus borneanus - Schwaner Mountains Slow Loris
Nycticebus kayan - Kayan River Slow Loris
Nycticebus pygmaeus - Pygmy Slow Loris

Conservation Links :  
   
IUCN / SSC Primate Specialist Group

Gibbon Conservation Alliance
Orang Utan Foundation International
Primate Watching

Nycticebus spp.
 
 
  

Prosimians : Tarsiers
13 species, all in SE Asia
 


Gursky's Spectral Tarsier
Tarsius spectrumgurskyae
  Full Species List:
Carlito syrichta - Philippine Tarsier
Cephalopachus bancanus - Western Tarsier
Tarsius tarsier - Selayar Tarsier
Tarsius fuscus- Makassar Tarsier
Tarsius dentatus - Dian's Tarsier
Tarsius pelengensis - Peleng Tarsier
Tarsius sangirensis - Great Sangihe Tarsier
Tarsius spectrumgurskyae - Gursky痴 Spectral Tarsier
Tarsius supriatnai - Jatna's Tarsier
Tarsius tumpara - Siau Island Tarsier
Tarsius pumilus - Sulawesi Mountain Tarsier
Tarsius lariang - Lariang Tarsier
Tarsius wallacei - Wallace's Tarsier
             
 

 

Old World Monkeys : Cercopithecines : Macaques (Macaca spp.)
SE Asia : 14 species (worldwide 23 species)
 

Stump-tailed Macaque
Macaca arctoides
 
Assamese Macaque
Macaca assamensis
 
Long-tailed Macaque
Macaca fascicularis 
 
Rhesus Macaque
Macaca mulatta 
 
N. Pig-tailed Macaque
Macaca leonina    
  
Other SE Asia species :
M. hecki - Heck's Macaque
M. maura - Moor Macaque
M. nigrescens - Gorontalo Macaque
M. ochreata - Booted Macaque
M. siberu - Siberut Macaque
M. tonkeana - Tonkean Macaque
Sunda Pig-tailed Macaque    Macaca nemestrina
  
Celebes Crested Macaque
Macaca nigra
  
Pagai Macaque
Macaca pagensis
  

 

Old World Monkeys : Colobines : Surilis (Presbytis spp.)
19 species, all in SE Asia
 

Javan Grizzled Langur
Presbytis comata 
 
Raffles' Banded Langur
Presbytis femoralis  
 
E. Sumatran Banded Langur
Presbytis percura  
 
Mentawai Langur
Presbytis potenziani  
 
Robinson's Banded Langur
Presbytis robinsoni  
 
Other SE Asia species :
P. bicolor - Black-and-white Langur
P. canicrus - Miller's Grizzled Langur
P. chrysomelas - Cross-marked Langur
P. frontata - White-fronted Langur
P. hosei - Hose's Langur
P. melalophos - Black-crested Sumatran Langur
P. mitrata - Mitred Langur
P. natunae - Natuna Islands Langur
P. sabana - Sabah Grizzled Langur
P. siberu - Siberut Langur
Red Leaf Monkey
Presbytis rubicunda 
 
White-thighed Surili
Presbytis siamensis 
 
Black Sumatran Langur
Presbytis sumatranus   
Thomas's Leaf Monkey
Presbytis thomasi   
             

 

Old World Monkeys : Colobines : Lutungs (Trachypithecus spp.)
SE Asia : 19 species (worldwide 21 species)
  

Javan Lutung
Trachypithecus auratus
 
Silvered Langur
Trachypithecus cristatus
  
Indochinese Silvered Langur
Trachypithecus germaini
  
Hatinh Langur
Trachypithecus hatinhensis
  
Dusky Langur
Trachypithecus obscurus
 
Other SE Asia species :
T. barbei - Tenasserim Langur
T. crepusculus - Indochinese Grey Langur
T. delacouri - Delacour's Langur
T. ebenus - Black Langur
T. francoisi - Francois' Langur
T. laotum - Laotian Langur
T. margarita - Annamese Langur
T. mauritius - West Javan Langur
T. phayrei - Phayre's Langur
T. popa - Popa Langur
T. shortridgei - Shortridge's Langur
Capped Langur
Trachypithecus pileatus
Cat Ba Langur
T. poliocephalus
Selangor Silvered Langur
T. selangorensis
             

 

Old World Monkeys : Odd-nosed colobines (Nasalis, Simias, Pygathrix, Rhinopithecus)
SE Asia : 7 species (worldwide 9 species)
  

Proboscis Monkey
Nasalis larvatus 
   
Black-shanked Douc
Pygathrix nigripes
  
Other SE Asia species :
Pygathrix cinerea - Grey-shanked Douc
Pygathrix nemaeus - Red-shanked Douc
Rhinopithecus strykeri - Myanmar snub-nosed Monkey
Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey
Rhinopithecus avunculus
Pig-tailed Snub-nosed Monkey
Simias concolor
             

 

Lesser Apes : Gibbons (Hooloc, Hylobates, Nomascus, Symphalangus)
SE Asia : 19 species (worldwide 22 species)
  

Agile Gibbon
Hylobates agilis
 
East Bornean Grey Gibbon
Hylobates funereus
  
White-handed Gibbon
Hylobates lar
  
Javan Gibbon
Hylobates moloch
  
Pileated Gibbon
Hylobates pileatus
 

Buff-cheeked Gibbon
Nomascus gabriellae

Siamang
Symphalangus syndactylus
Other SE Asia species :
Hoolock hoolock - Western Hoolock
Hoolock leuconedys - Eastern Hoolock
Hoolock tianxing - Gaoligong Hoolock
Hylobates abbotti - Abbott's Grey Gibbon
Hylobates albibarbus - Bornean White-bearded Gibbon
Hylobates klossii - Kloss's Gibbon
Hylobates muelleri - Mllers Gibbon
Nomascus annamensis - Northern Yellow-cheeked Gibbon
Nomascus concolor - Western Black Crested Gibbon
Nomascus leucogenys - Northern White-cheeked Gibbon
Nomascus nasutus - Eastern Black Crested Gibbon
Nomascus siki - Southern White-cheeked Gibbon
             

 

Great Apes : Hominids & Orang Utans (Homo, Pongo)
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 7 species)
  

Other SE Asia species :
Pongo abelii - Sumatran Orang Utan
Pongo tapanuliensis - Tapanuli Orang Utan
Human
Homo sapiens 
Bornean Orang Utan
Pongo pygmaeus